Helenium spp.

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Asteraceae (Compositae)

Also known as Helenium bifidum, Helenium amarum, Helenium flexuosum, Helenium pinnatifidum

Plant Specifics

Size:3-4 ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow
Fruit Color:White,yellow
Noted for:Showy flowers


Recommended Uses:Wildflower garden, most species prefer relatively moist conditions.
Propagation:Division of clumps. Many species benefit from division every few years. Seed. Most grow easily from seed. Some species can be grown from stem cuttings. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative - H. amarum and H. autumnale
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Acid to neutral



Attract bees and butterflies.

Native Habitats:Flatwoods, marsh edges, moist ruderal areas.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures