Iva frutescens

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Bigleaf Marsh-elder

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Plant Specifics

Size:3-4 (10) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Green
Fruit Color:Green,NA
Phenology:Evergreen, semi-woody. Blooms summer-fall.
Noted for:Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Retain in the landscape for coastal protection where present. Used for dune restoration.
Propagation:Seed, cuttings.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation)
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



Provides some cover for wildlife and maybe some foods.

Native Habitats:Salt marsh, dunes.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures